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Census shows rapid urbanisation in Gujarat - TOI Article


Census shows rapid urbanisation in Guj

Population growth dips to 19.17% from 22.66% in 2001 Had growth rate stayed 
at 22.66%, the count would’ve been 6,21,53,069 
Urban population is 
42.6%, a sharp rise from 37.4 % in 2001


Gandhinagar: Diamond city Surat’s population grew from 28.12 lakh in 2001 to 44.62 lakh in 2011 — a phenomenal rise of 58.68%. 
    Another city, which witnessed rapid growth in population, is Rajkot — 28.21% — while Ahmedabad’s population rose by 23.12%, from 45.25 lakh to 55.71 lakh. Gujarat has also become more urban with the population in cities growing from 37.4% in 2001 to 42.6% in 2011. The growth in rural population has dropped from 62.6 per cent to 57.4%. 
    State census 2011 figures were released by chief secretary A K Joti here on Thursday. Additional chief secretary (planning) V N Maira attributed the spiral in Surat’s population to “immigration” from other parts of Gujarat as well as other states of India. Population of Ahmedabad and Rajkot includes the freshly merged areas in the municipal corporation limits.Vadodara’s population rose by just 11.8% while Bhavnagar grew by 14.67%. 
    Surprisingly, Kutch, a district devastated by the killer earthquake on January 26, 2001, has witnessed a big rise in population, suggesting increase in industrial activities, particularly in areas near Kandla and Mundra ports. Kutch’s population rose by 32.03 per cent in the last one decade, from 15.83 lakh to 20.90 lakh. Similarly, Ahmedabad’s peripheries have grown sharply be
cause of industrial development and urbanisation. Ahmedabad district’s population rose by 42.19%. 
    The migration theory has failed to explain the population rise in Dahod district, where the tribals move to other parts of the state looking for jobs. The district witnessed 29.25% increase in population.Another backward district, Banaskantha, also saw a 24.43% rise in population. Failure of family welfare programmes, apparently, was one of the main reasons for the population growth in some backward districts. 

Literacy rate shoots up 
In the past decade, nearly 1.21 crore more Gujaratis learnt to read and write. The jump in literacy rate in tribal districts too is remarkable. Literacy in tribal district of Dahod rose by nearly 15 per cent while Dangs saw a 17 per cent growth. In backward district of Banaskantha, literacy rate rose to 66.39 per cent from 50.97 per cent in 2001. Tapi also posted 69.23 per cent literacy — a gain of 12 per cent from 2001. District-wise literacy figures show that 18 districts have a higher percentage than the all-India average. Urbanised Ahmedabad and Surat top the list of most literate districts with 86.65 per cent literacy in 7 and above age group.